Lisbon has a long and rich history of earthquakes. The city has been struck by several major earthquakes throughout its history, which have profoundly impacted the city and its people. The first recorded earthquake in Lisbon occurred in 1256, but the most significant earthquake in the city’s history was the Great Lisbon Earthquake of 1755.
The big earthquake of 1755.
This earthquake, which struck on November 1st, 1755, had an estimated magnitude of between 8.7 and 9.0 on the Richter scale and was followed by a tsunami and fires that lasted for several days. The disaster killed tens of thousands of people and devastated the city, leading to the complete rebuilding of Lisbon.
The earthquake was so strong that it was felt as far away as Morocco and the Azores. The shockwaves caused buildings to collapse, including many of Lisbon’s famous landmarks, such as the Carmo Convent and the Royal Palace.
The aftermath of the disaster was chaotic, with survivors struggling to find food and shelter. The Portuguese royal family and many wealthy citizens fled the city, leaving behind the poor to fend for themselves. The fires that erupted in the aftermath of the earthquake worsened the situation, destroying what remained of the city’s buildings and forcing people to live in makeshift shelters.
The Great Lisbon Earthquake profoundly impacted Portugal and the rest of Europe. It led to a reassessment of the city’s urban planning and the rebuilding of Lisbon in a more orderly and organized manner. The earthquake also profoundly impacted the Portuguese economy, as the destruction of the city’s commercial district and port made it difficult for merchants to do business.
However, despite the destruction and loss of life, the Great Lisbon earthquake also positively impacted the city. It led to the creation of new public spaces, such as the Praça do Comércio, and the rebuilding of many buildings in a more modern style, incorporating elements of Baroque and Rococo architecture.
Other earthquakes in Lisbon.
The 1755 earthquake was not the only significant earthquake to hit Lisbon in the following centuries. In 1858, an earthquake struck the city, causing significant damage and killing several people. In 1969, another earthquake struck Lisbon, causing significant damage to buildings and killing several people.
Despite the destruction caused by earthquakes, Lisbon has continued to rebuild and recover from each disaster. The city has implemented strict building codes and earthquake-resistant construction techniques to prevent damage and loss of life in the event of future earthquakes. The city has also developed an early warning system and evacuation plan to ensure the safety of its residents in the event of a future earthquake.
Despite the challenges posed by earthquakes, Lisbon continues to thrive as a city. Its rich history and cultural heritage, combined with its stunning architecture and vibrant cultural scene, make it a popular tourist destination for people from all over the world.